David Cameron: Who is this guy and what does a UK Conservative stand fer?

British opposition leader David Cameron, whose Conservatives won the most seats in parliament but no majority in last week's election, was asked by Queen Elizabeth on Tuesday to form a government after Gordon Brown resigned as prime minister. Here are key facts about Britain's new prime minister via Reuters:
Cameron, 43, is Britain's youngest prime minister for almost two centuries, a few months younger than Tony Blair was when he stormed to power in 1997.

Cameron was educated at Britain's most exclusive private school, Eton, and at Oxford University, where he joined the elitist Bullingdon dining club and gained a first-class degree in politics, philosophy and economics. After university, he worked for the center-right Conservative party and was an adviser to then-Chancellor Norman Lamont in 1992 when sterling crashed out of the Exchange Rate Mechanism.

Cameron worked as a public relations executive at the Carlton television company for seven years, before being elected to parliament in 2001. The Conservatives chose him as their fifth leader in nine years in December 2005, months after suffering their third successive election defeat at the hands of the Labour Party.

Cameron's support for "compassionate Conservatism" and defense of the state-run National Health Service were influenced by the experience of caring for his oldest child Ivan, who suffered from cerebral palsy and severe epilepsy. Ivan died in February last year aged six.

Cameron and his wife Samantha have two other children and are expecting a baby in September. The aristocratic Samantha, who is creative director at the Smythson luxury leather goods firm, has become a favorite with the British press, who nickname her "Sam Cam."
What is the Conservative Platform?  Do not confuse Britain's conservatives with America's conservative movement.  In the past, the Conservatives (otherwise known as the Tories) have just been very anti EU.  In fact, I had some conservative friends that let on that some of the upper levels of the party would rather go the way of Dollar integration before joining the Eurozone.  Of course now, fleeing the Euro is a very popular position. 

I don't think there is a good comparison from America in any party, especially not the tea party.  See the Conservative Party Manifesto 2010, or see platform highlights via Telegraph.  This platform is a party marketing document, so take it at that.  Some of the things that they say are obvious brown nosing or very mushy things that no one could disagree with.  But there are general principles that you can see such as the tax policy and Europe policy which are very telling.  If we think the policy is good we will highlight in blue, if bad, red:

General Highlights
A one year public sector pay freeze in 2011 (excluding the one million lowest paid workers)
Bringing forward the date at which the state pension age starts to rise to 66, although it will not be sooner than 2016 for men and 2020 for women
Stopping tax credits to families with incomes over £50,000
Cutting spending on Child Trust Funds for all but the poorest third of families and families with disabled children
Capping the biggest public sector pensions above £50,000
A five per cent pay cut for Ministers followed by a five-year freeze, and a 10 per cent reduction in the number of MPs
Reduce welfare dependency
 
Health Care
Scrapping all politically-motivated targets
Putting more detailed NHS performance data online
Improving cancer and stroke survival rates
Enabling patients to rate hospitals and doctors
Giving anyone the power to choose any healthcare provider that meets NHS standards
Putting patients in charge of their own health records
Opening up the NHS to new independent and voluntary sector providers
Linking GPs' pay to the quality of results they deliver

Education
Raising the entry requirement for taxpayer-funded primary teacher training
Requiring new graduates to have at least a 2:2 in their degree to get state-funded training
Paying the student loan repayments for top maths and science graduates while they remain teachers
Giving teachers the strongest possible protection from false accusations
Strengthening home-school behaviour contracts
Establishing a simple reading test at the age of six
Reforming the National Curriculum
Overhauling Key Stage 2 tests and league tables
Allowing all state schools to offer high quality international examinations
Giving parents the power to save schools threatened by closure
Extra funding for children from disadvantaged backgrounds
Providing 10,000 university places this year, paid for by giving graduates incentives to pay back their loans early

Tax
Raising the Inheritance Tax threshold to £1 million
Raising the stamp duty threshold to £250,000 for first-time buyers
Cutting corporation tax
Cutting employer National Insurance contributions for first ten employees of new businesses
Floor under landfill tax until 2020
Reform Air Passenger Duty

European Union
A full opt-out from the Charter of Fundamental Rights
Greater protection against EU encroachment
Restoring national control over social and employment legislation

Defence
Doubling the operational bonus for troops serving in Afghanistan
Ensuring that Forces' families and veterans are taken care of
Tracking and monitoring veterans' mental health after they leave the Armed Forces
Launching a Strategic Defence Review
Maximising efficiency in the Ministry of Defence
Streamlining the procurement process

Environment
Working towards zero waste
Providing incentives to recycle
Encouraging sustainable water management
Work for reform of the Common Fisheries Policy
Offering every household a Green Deal
Transforming electricity networks with 'smart grid' and 'smart meter' technology
Expanding offshore wind and marine power

Foreign
Creating a National Security Council
Committing to the transatlantic alliance
Deepening of alliances beyond Europe and North America
Reforming older institutions such as the UN and making effective use of new ones such as G20
Upholding our own values abroad

Transport
Building a high-speed rail link connecting London, Birmingham, Manchester and Leeds with the Continent
Blocking moves for a third runway at Heathrow Airport
Blocking plans for second runways at Stansted and Gatwick airports
Report Air Passenger Duty
Improving Britain's railways
Cutting congestion and making Britain's roads safer
Making local transport greener

Business
Cutting corporation tax
Simplifying the tax system
Starting business-led Local Enterprise Partnerships
Supporting new business by an employer National Insurance waiver for the first ten employees
Building a network of business mentors
Providing loans to would-be entrepreneurs
Opening up government procurement to small and medium-sized businesses by reducing administrative requirements
Giving SMEs a £2,000 bonus for every apprentice they hire

Immigration
The manifesto says immigration has “enriched our nation” and the economy needs “the brightest and the best”. But it says immigration is too high and promises to reduce net migration to “tens of thousands” a year, without giving any more details.

The Conservatives promise an annual limit on immigration, new curbs on unskilled workers, and “transitional controls” on new European Union members. But with other EU nationals guaranteed freedom of entry, a Tory government would have no way of restricting European workers.

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